Is Kombucha Halal?

Is Kombucha Halal?

Kombucha is a fizzy, tangy, and slightly sweet beverage that has been enjoyed for thousands of years, believed to have originated in Northeast China around 220 B.C. It’s made through a fascinating process that involves fermenting sweetened tea using a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast, commonly referred to as a SCOBY.

This SCOBY looks like a rubbery pancake and is the powerhouse behind kombucha’s transformation.


The process starts with tea—usually black or green—that’s mixed with sugar. The SCOBY is added to the sweetened tea and left to ferment at room temperature for a week or more. During this time, the SCOBY consumes the sugar, producing a range of organic acids, vitamins, and a trace amount of alcohol as byproducts. This is what gives kombucha its characteristic tangy taste and potential health benefits, including probiotics, which are good for gut health.

Now, let’s talk about whether kombucha is halal. “Halal” is an Arabic term meaning “permissible” in Islam. For something to be considered halal, it must comply with Islamic law as defined in the Quran and Hadith (sayings of the Prophet Muhammad).

The primary concern with kombucha and its halal status is the presence of alcohol. During fermentation, the yeast in the SCOBY breaks down the sugar and produces alcohol and carbon dioxide, which is why kombucha has its slight natural fizz. In most commercial and well prepared home-brewed kombucha, the alcohol content is very low—typically less than 0.5%, which is the threshold for non-alcoholic beverages in many countries. However, if the kombucha is left to ferment for an extended period, the alcohol content can increase.



Islamic law prohibits the consumption of intoxicants, primarily alcohol. The question of whether a trace amount of alcohol disqualifies kombucha as halal is a subject of debate among scholars. Some argue that since the alcohol in kombucha is not added intentionally and is merely a byproduct of fermentation, and because it’s present in such small amounts that it cannot cause intoxication, kombucha can be considered halal. Others may be more cautious and avoid kombucha due to its alcohol content, no matter how minimal.

Another aspect to consider is the cross-contamination with higher-alcohol brews or the use of equipment that may also be used for alcoholic beverages, which could raise concerns for some individuals seeking to adhere strictly to halal dietary laws.

Those who are concerned about the alcohol content but still want to enjoy kombucha may stumble upon non-alcoholic versions that are specifically cultured to minimise alcohol content, or the drink may be pasteurised to remove alcohol, which will also kill the beneficial probiotics that many people seek in the kombucha. You should bare in mind that these kombucha production methods are not typically regarded as authentic, and many fermentation experts condemn the branding of these drinks as kombucha.

Ultimately, whether kombucha is halal or not may depend on individual interpretation of Islamic law, personal levels of observance, and the specific practices of the kombucha brewer. Muslims who are considering drinking kombucha and are concerned about its halal status should consult with a knowledgeable religious authority or look for products that are certified halal by a reputable organisation.
Making kombucha at home can rule out a number of the concerns detailed above. Taking control of the time your kombucha is allowed to ferment for, and ensuring that the equipment used is solely used for producing your own home-brew can ensure that alcohol levels remain at the lowest possible naturally. Brewing Kombucha at home is also a delightful little project, encourages families to learn new skills together, and can also lead to consuming kombucha with a lower sugar content too.
When you’re the boss of your own brew, you have the power to control the ingredients and the fermentation process. This means you can decide how much sugar goes in and by keeping an eye on the sugar, you’re also keeping tabs on the potential alcohol content because less sugar means the yeast has less to ferment into alcohol.
If you’re looking for an easy, fun and simple way to get brewing kombucha at home, check out our Complete Kombucha Starter Kits; they have everything you need for the first month of brewing at home, and are rated 5 stars over and over again by total kombucha beginners.
In conclusion, kombucha is a unique and ancient beverage that offers a variety of tastes and potential health benefits. Its halal status is not clear-cut and can depend on various factors, including the fermentation process, alcohol content, and additional ingredients. As with any food or drink, when in doubt about its permissibility, seeking guidance from a trusted religious scholar or authority is the best course of action.
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